Yarn evenness parameters optimization in jetring spinning process


GÜLSEVİNÇLER E., USAL M. R. , YILMAZ D.

JOURNAL OF THE TEXTILE INSTITUTE, vol.111, no.4, pp.540-549, 2019 (Journal Indexed in SCI) identifier identifier

  • Publication Type: Article / Article
  • Volume: 111 Issue: 4
  • Publication Date: 2019
  • Doi Number: 10.1080/00405000.2019.1649582
  • Title of Journal : JOURNAL OF THE TEXTILE INSTITUTE
  • Page Numbers: pp.540-549

Abstract

In this study, the effects of air nozzles called jetring or nozzlering, on yarn quality which is used as an additional process in conventional ring spinning machines have been investigated. The response surface methodology (RSM) was used to investigate the yarn properties value. In the experiment, Ne30/1 100% cotton fibers were used. In all jetring yarn productions, the air pressure was kept at 125 kPa (gauge). In all samples, the nozzle length was kept 27 mm and twisting chamber diameter was kept o2mm. The number of injectors has been kept constant as 4 pieces. Giving the best yarn quality as a result of RSM, injector diameter o0.5 mm and injector angle 35 degrees as determined. With this nozzle structural configuration, yarn hairiness values were reduced by 9.2% but yarn irregularity values were increased by 0.7%, yarn elongation values were decreased by 6.2% and yarn tenacity (cN/tex) values decreased to 5.6.