(C) Munksgaard 2000. Ramadan is a special month for Muslims, as fasting during Ramadan is a religious duty. In this study we investigated whether stroke incidence differs during Ramadan compared to other months. All patients with stroke admitted to any hospital in the Isparta Province between 1991-1995 were included in this study. Patients were divided into 2 groups according to the month of onset of stroke. The first group included patients with strokes that occurred in Ramadan and the second group strokes with onset in other months. The stroke incidence of Isparta has been found to be 137 per 100,000 for people older than 25 years. There were no statistically significant differences between the age and sex distribution of patients and the incidences of strokes in both groups. We concluded that fasting during Ramadan has no affect on stroke occurrence in the Isparta Province.