Origin of anorogenic 'lamproite-like' potassic lavas from the Denizli region in Western Anatolia Extensional Province, Turkey

Yilmaz K.

MINERALOGY AND PETROLOGY, vol.99, pp.219-239, 2010 (Peer-Reviewed Journal) identifier identifier

  • Publication Type: Article / Article
  • Volume: 99
  • Publication Date: 2010
  • Doi Number: 10.1007/s00710-010-0113-y
  • Journal Indexes: Science Citation Index Expanded, Scopus
  • Page Numbers: pp.219-239


The Denizli region of the Western Anatolia Extensional Province (WAEP) includes a typical example of intra-plate potassic magmatism. Lamproite-like K-rich to shoshonitic alkaline rocks erupted in the Upper Miocene-Pliocene in a tensional tectonic setting. The absence of Nb and Ta depletion, low Th/Zr and high Nb/Zr ratios and distinct isotopic values (i.e. low Sr-87/Sr-86, 0.703523-0.703757; high Nd-143/Nd-144, 0.512708-0.512784; high Pb-206/Pb-204, 19.079-19.227, Pb-207/Pb-204, 15.635-15.682, Pb-208/Pb-204, 39.144-39.302) mark an anorogenic geochemical signature of the Denizli volcanics. All of the lavas are strongly enriched in large-ion-lithophile elements (e.g. Ba 1,100-2,200 ppm; Sr 1,900-3,100 ppm; Rb 91-295 ppm) and light rare-earth elements (e.g. La-N = 319-464), with a geochemical affinity to ocean-island basalts and lack of a recognizable subduction signature or any evidence for crustal contamination. The restricted range of isotopic (Sr, Nd, Pb) ratios in both near-primitive (Mg# 66.7-77.2) and more evolved (Mg# 64.6-68.7) members of the Denizli volcanics signify their evolution from an isotopically equilibrated parental mantle source. Their high Dy/Yb and Rb/Sr values also suggest that garnet and phlogopite were present in the mantle source. Their strong EM-II signature, very low Nd model ages (0.44-049 Ga) and isotopic (Sr-Nd-Pb) values analogous to those of the Nyiragongo potassic basanites and kimberlites from the African stable continental settings, suggest that the parental melts that produced the Denizli volcanics are associated with very young and enriched mantle sources, which include both sublithospheric and enriched subcontinental lithospheric mantle melts. Mantle-lithosphere delamination probably played a significant role in the generation of these melts, and could be related to roll-back of the Aegean arc, lithospheric extension and asthenospheric mantle upwelling.