Determination of heavy metal levels in water, sediment and tissues of tench (Tinca tinca L., 1758) from Beysehir Lake (Turkey)

Tekin-Oezan S.

ENVIRONMENTAL MONITORING AND ASSESSMENT, vol.145, pp.295-302, 2008 (Peer-Reviewed Journal) identifier identifier identifier

  • Publication Type: Article / Article
  • Volume: 145
  • Publication Date: 2008
  • Doi Number: 10.1007/s10661-007-0038-z
  • Journal Indexes: Science Citation Index Expanded, Scopus
  • Page Numbers: pp.295-302


In the present study, some heavy metals (Cu, Fe, Zn and Mn) were seasonally determined in water, sediment and some tissues of fish Tinca tinca from Beysehir Lake, which is an important bird nesting and visiting area, a water source for irrigation and drinking. In the water, Fe has the highest concentrations among the studied metals. Generally, the metal concentrations increased in the hottest period decreased in warm seasons. Results for levels in water were compared with national and international water quality guidelines, as well as literature data reported for the lakes. Fe was the highest in sediment samples, also Cu and Zn were the highest in spring, while Fe and Mn were in autumn. Among the heavy metals studied, Cu and Mn were below the detection limits in some tissues. Generally, higher concentrations of the tested metals were found in the summer and winter, compared with those during the autumn and spring seasons. High levels of heavy metals were found in liver of T. tinca, while low levels in muscle samples. Metal concentrations in the muscle of examined fish were within the safety permissible levels for human consumption. The present study shows that precautions need to be taken in order to prevent further heavy metal pollution.