Derekutuğun’da Ele Geçen Acheuléen İki Yüzeyli Alet


Yalçın H. G. , Kolankaya Bostancı N., Yalçın Ü.

Arkeoloji ve Sanat, no.162, pp.1-10, 2019 (Other Refereed National Journals)

  • Publication Type: Article / Article
  • Publication Date: 2019
  • Title of Journal : Arkeoloji ve Sanat
  • Page Numbers: pp.1-10

Abstract

 In definition of the prehistoric migration routes of the earliest human beings, determination of the sites plays an crucial role. There is no doubt that in these first migrations from Africa, Anatolia had an important place. Evidence of the earliest stages of human history, called the Paleolithic Age, has been increasing with excavations and surveys carried out in recent years. Lower Palaeolithic bifacial tools unearthed in Turkey are mostly concentrated in southeastern and central Anatolia. However, in northern Anatolia the number of bifaces is quite low. From this point of view an Acheuléen bifacial tool uncovered in 2009 season, during the preliminary work at the excavations in Derekutuğun which is located approximately 75 km northwest of the province capital Çorum in northern Anatolia, epitomizes an important stray find particularly in the understanding of the hunter-gatherer movements, migration routes and cultural connections between northern Anatolia and southern Caucasus during the Lower Paleolithic. Derekutuğun represents an important site, because of its native copper deposits, prehistoric mines and the associated settlement. Due to the fact that such Acheuléen bifaces are a rarity in northern Anatolia, the aforementioned biface which is reflected a cultural tradition associated with the South Caucasus would provide an important contribution to the Paleolithic research in Turkey. In addition, the presence of such an artifact in Derekutuğun could also enable assumptions about the migration routes of Homo erectus between the Caucasus and Anatolia during the Lower Paleolithic.