Branchial epithelium of Pseudophoxinus antalyae was lined by both a thick stratified epithelium lining gill arches, gill rakers and primary filaments and a thin epithelium lining the lamellae. Mucous, chloride and rodlet cells, interspersed between pavement cells, were present in the branchial epithelium. With histochemical procedures for the characterization of glycoconjugates, mucous cells showed a strong positive reaction with Periodic acid-Shiff and Alcian Blue at pH 2.5, although with Alcian Blue at pH 0.5 and pH 1.0 the reaction was much weaker. When the combined Alcian Blue (pH 2.5) - Periodic acid-Shiff reaction was performed, most mucous cells were stained purple, whereas by the combined Aldehyde Fuchsin/Alcian Blue (pH 2.5), most cells showed a positive reaction only to Aldehyde Fuchsin. Methylation/ Alcian Blue (pH 2.5) and Methylation/ Saponification/ Alcian Blue (pH 2.5) methods showed the presence of sulphated and carboxylated glycoconjugates in mucous cells. Mucous cells were also detected to stain all metachromatically with Toluidine Blue.