Intensified acidophilic bioleaching of multi-metals from waste printed circuit boards (WPCBs) of spent mobile phones

Erust C., Akcil A. U. , TUNCUK A. , PANDA S.

Journal of Chemical Technology and Biotechnology, vol.95, no.8, pp.2272-2285, 2020 (Journal Indexed in SCI Expanded) identifier identifier

  • Publication Type: Article / Article
  • Volume: 95 Issue: 8
  • Publication Date: 2020
  • Doi Number: 10.1002/jctb.6417
  • Title of Journal : Journal of Chemical Technology and Biotechnology
  • Page Numbers: pp.2272-2285
  • Keywords: acidophiles, metals, spent mobile phones, high oxido-reductive potential, printed circuit board, recovery, ELECTRONIC WASTE, HEAVY-METALS, TURKISH LIGNITE, SOLID-WASTE, RECOVERY, COPPER, EXTRACTION, EFFICIENCY, BACTERIA, PCBS


© 2020 Society of Chemical IndustryBACKGROUND: Waste printed circuit boards (WPCBs) are a resource containing a wide array of metals and are of great importance because their metal concentration is much greater than that in the ores. Previous studies have been devoted mostly to copper (Cu) bioleaching from WPCBs because it has the highest proportion (∼ 10–30%) of all their component metallic elements. The present study focused on an intensified mixed meso-acidophilic bacterial leaching of multi-metals from WPCBs of spent mobile phones, with the system operating under high oxido-reductive potentials (HORPs). Inductively coupled plasma-optical emission spectrometry (ICP-OES), X-ray diffraction (XRD) and scanning electron microscopy-energy dispersive X-ray (SEM-EDX) characterization indicated the WCPB sample had recoverable contents of Cu, aluminium (Al), nickel (Ni) and zinc (Zn) which were targeted for bioleaching. RESULTS: Shake flask optimization studies, under HORP >750 mV indicated dissolutions of 98.1% Cu, 55.9% Al, 79.5% Ni and 66.9% Zn under optimized conditions of 9 g L–1 iron [Fe (II)], 10% pulp density, initial pH 1.8 and 10% (v/v) as initial inoculum. Under these conditions, at ORP >650 mV, 97.3% Cu, 55.8% Al, 79.3% Ni and 66.8% Zn were achieved in bench-scale (1 L) bioreactor systems without any significant reduction in efficiency (compared to shake flasks) after 8 days of operation. CONCLUSION: Variations in co-relatable parameters, such as pH, ORP and Fe (II) concentrations, indicated that these parameters significantly contributed to metal leaching. Operating the system under high and controlled ORPs is a faster and more efficient way to leach multi-metals from WPCBs. © 2020 Society of Chemical Industry.