Mannitol Application Alleviates Boron Toxicity in Wheat Seedlings


COŞKUN Y. , OLGUNSOY P., KARATAŞ N., BULUT F., YARAR F.

COMMUNICATIONS IN SOIL SCIENCE AND PLANT ANALYSIS, cilt.45, ss.944-952, 2014 (SCI İndekslerine Giren Dergi) identifier identifier

  • Cilt numarası: 45 Konu: 7
  • Basım Tarihi: 2014
  • Doi Numarası: 10.1080/00103624.2013.867054
  • Dergi Adı: COMMUNICATIONS IN SOIL SCIENCE AND PLANT ANALYSIS
  • Sayfa Sayısı: ss.944-952

Özet

Boron (B) toxicity is a considerable mineral nutritional problem for crop production in arid and semi-arid regions worldwide. The effect of mannitol (M) in wheat seedlings that are tolerant and sensitive to excessive B was studied to reduce B toxicity symptoms. Plants were grown in a peat with different concentrations of boric acid (0, 30, 45, 60 mg kg(-1)) and treated additionally with M (0, 1, 5, 10 g kg(-1)). Seedlings grown for 8 weeks were harvested for root length, shoot length, and dry-weight measurements and analyzed for B content of leaves. Compared with control groups (no boric acid treatment), B toxicity caused reductions in root length, shoot length, and dry weight of both wheat cultivars. Significant increases on growth parameters were observed under B treatments, the greatest with 1 g kg(-1) M application in a tolerant bread cultivar. On the other hand, 10 g kg(-1) M application under 60 mg kg(-1) B treatment gave also good results on root length in a sensitive durum cultivar. Significant decreases in leaf B content were observed under B treatments with all M applications in both wheat cultivars, the greatest with 5 g kg(-1) M application. The results suggest that M applications may have a possible role in overcoming in B toxicity in wheat grown in the field.