Microstructure and Electrical Conductivity of ZnO Addition on the Properties of (Bi0.92Ho0.03Er0.05)(2)O-3

Ermis I., CORUMLU V., Sertkol M., ÖZTÜRK M. S. , KALELİ M. , Cetin A., ...Daha Fazla

JOURNAL OF ELECTRONIC MATERIALS, cilt.45, sa.11, ss.5860-5866, 2016 (SCI İndekslerine Giren Dergi) identifier identifier

  • Yayın Türü: Makale / Tam Makale
  • Cilt numarası: 45 Konu: 11
  • Basım Tarihi: 2016
  • Doi Numarası: 10.1007/s11664-016-4799-4
  • Sayfa Sayıları: ss.5860-5866


The solid electrolyte is one of the most important components for a solid oxide fuel cell (SOFC). The various divalent or trivalent metal ion-doped bismuth-based materials exhibit good ionic conductivity. Therefore, these materials are used as electrolytes in the SOFC. In this paper, the samples of (Bi0.92-x Ho0.03Er0.05)(2)O-3 + (ZnO) (x) solutions with a 0 aecurrency sign x aecurrency sign 0.2 molar ratio are synthesized by the solid state reaction method. The detailed structural and electrical characterizations are investigated by using x-ray diffraction (XRD), alternating current electrochemical impedance spectroscopy, and scanning electron microscopy (SEM). The XRD patterns of all samples are indexed on a monoclinic symmetry with a P2(1)/c space group. In addition, the rietveld parameters are determined by using the FullProf software program. The impedance measurements of the samples are obtained at the 1 Hz to 20 MHz frequency range. The impedance value of the pellets increases with temperature. Based on the impedance results, it is found that the contribution of grain (bulk) is more than a grain boundary in terms of conductivity, which permits the attribution of a grain boundary. The ionic conductivity decreases with an increasing amount of Zn contribution. The value of highest electrical conductivity among all samples is calculated as 0.358 S cm(-1) at 800A degrees C for undoped (Bi0.92Ho0.03Er0.05)(2)O-3.