Optimization of Malaxation Process using Major Aroma Compounds in Virgin Olive Oil

Cevik S., ÖZKAN G., Kiralan M.

BRAZILIAN ARCHIVES OF BIOLOGY AND TECHNOLOGY, vol.59, 2016 (SCI-Expanded) identifier identifier

  • Publication Type: Article / Article
  • Volume: 59
  • Publication Date: 2016
  • Doi Number: 10.1590/1678-4324-2016160356
  • Journal Indexes: Science Citation Index Expanded (SCI-EXPANDED), Scopus
  • Keywords: hexanal, trans-2-hexenal, maturity, response surface method (RSM), VOLATILE COMPOUNDS, QUALITY, TEMPERATURE, TIME, COMPONENTS, PROFILES, FRENCH, PHENOL, PASTE, SPME
  • Süleyman Demirel University Affiliated: Yes


Optimization of major aroma compounds in olive oils produced from fruits at three maturity stages wasstudied. A central composite design was used for the optimization of malaxation conditions of temperature and times, each at five levels with 13 runs including five central points. The responses of interest were trans-2-hexenal and hexanal, which were investigated and their contents were optimized. A full quadratic second order regression model including the linear, quadratic, and two factor interaction effects was proposed to explain the variation in the contents of target compounds depending on the malaxation conditions. Adequacies of models were evaluated by checking regression coefficients for each model. Models were found to work with high success for trans-2-hexenal prediction for oils from fruits at both purple and black stages, whereas the model for hexanalwas only in black stage oil. Their regression coefficients were higher than 0.86. Influences of time and temperature for the malaxation process were found to be significant for the transition of major aroma compounds from the fruit matrix to olive oil. The optimum conditions of temperature and time pairs to maximize trans-2-hexenal and hexanal was found to be 23 degrees C/31 minutes for black olive and to maximize only trans-2-hexenal was also 29 degrees C/41 minutes for purple olive.