Purpose The aim of the study was to investigate the oxidative damage and inflammatory effects of sepsis on the urogenital system in the Lipopolysaccharide (LPS)-induced sepsis model and ameliorating role of Pregabalin (PGB). Methods Twenty-four female Wistar Albino rats (12 months old) were divided into 3 groups as follows: Sepsis group (Group S) (5 mg/kg LPS, i.p, single dose); Sepsis+ PGB group (Group SP) (5 mg/kg LPS, i.p, single dose and 30 mg/kg PGB); Control group (Group C) (0.1 ml/oral and i.p. saline, single dose), 6 h after LPS administration, the animals were killed. Subsequently, analyses of urogenital tissue oxidant/antioxidant status, histopathological and immunohistochemical analyses were performed. Results Total oxidative status (TOS) and oxidative stress index (OSI) values in the urogenital tissues were increased in Group S (Total anti-oxidative status (TAS) decreased) compared to the Control group (p < 0.05). PGB improved these values (p < 0.05). The immunohistochemical markers [Caspase-3, granulocyte colony-stimulating factor (G-CSF), interleukin-6 (IL-6), Serum Amyloid A (SAA) and inducible nitric oxide synthase (iNOS)] were significantly increased in Group S except for bladder (p < 0.001). Statistically significant immunohistochemical positiveness was found only for IL-6 in urinary bladder, though all the others values were negative. With the administration of PGB (Group SP), the expressions of these immunoreactions were markedly decreased (p < 0.001). Conclusions These findings demonstrated that sepsis caused oxidative stress and inflammation in the urogenital tissues. We have revealed that PGB ameliorated tissue damage caused by sepsis.