Investigation of quality of life in obese adolescents: the effect of psychiatric symptoms of obese adolescent and/or mother on quality of life.


Işık Ü. , Bağcı B., Kılıç F. , Aktepe E., Pirgon M. Ö.

Journal of pediatric endocrinology & metabolism : JPEM, vol.34, pp.1593-1603, 2021 (Journal Indexed in SCI) identifier identifier identifier

  • Publication Type: Article / Article
  • Volume: 34
  • Publication Date: 2021
  • Doi Number: 10.1515/jpem-2021-0435
  • Title of Journal : Journal of pediatric endocrinology & metabolism : JPEM
  • Page Numbers: pp.1593-1603
  • Keywords: obese adolescents, psychiatric symptoms, quality of life, ATTENTION-DEFICIT/HYPERACTIVITY-DISORDER, REVISED CHILD ANXIETY, HEALTH, OVERWEIGHT, DEPRESSION, WEIGHT, ASSOCIATION, ADHD, SEEKING, FAMILY

Abstract

Objectives: The present study assessed the obese adoles-cents' health-related quality of life (HRQoL) based on both adolescent-reported and maternal-reported questionnaires to clarify adolescent-related psychiatric factors, maternal psychiatric factors, and body mass index (BMI) percentile variables that independently affect the quality of life (QoL). Methods: A total of 190 adolescents (120 females and 70 males) were included in the study. The impact of clinical and psychiatric factors on the Pediatric Quality of Life Inventory-Child Version (PedsQL-C) scores was analyzed using hierarchical linear regression methods. Results: The final models showed that only the Revised Child Anxiety and Depression Scale-Child Version major depressive disorder scores negatively predicted the phys-ical, psychosocial, and total health scores of the PedsQL-C. The psychosocial scores of the PedsQL-P were negatively predicted by the Strengths and Difficulties Questionnaire emotional, and Conners' Parent Rating Scale-Revised-Short Form (CPRS-R-S) attention-deficit/hyperactivity dis-order (ADHD) index scores. The PedsQL-P total scores were negatively predicted by the CPRS-R-S ADHD index scores. Conclusions: The findings of this study indicate that the adolescents' psychiatric symptoms and BMI percentile played a significant role in the PedsQL subscale functioning Obesity dren a life cent who experience obesity significant centered dimensions, of obese adolescents compared to maternal psychiatric symptoms.