Individual taper models for natural cedar and Taurus fir mixed stands of Bucak Region, Turkey


Ozcelik R. , DIRICAN O.

JOURNAL OF THE FACULTY OF FORESTRY-ISTANBUL UNIVERSITY, cilt.67, ss.243-261, 2017 (ESCI İndekslerine Giren Dergi) identifier

  • Cilt numarası: 67 Konu: 2
  • Basım Tarihi: 2017
  • Doi Numarası: 10.17099/jffiu.290845
  • Dergi Adı: JOURNAL OF THE FACULTY OF FORESTRY-ISTANBUL UNIVERSITY
  • Sayfa Sayısı: ss.243-261

Özet

In this study, we assessed the performance of different types of taper equations for predicting tree diameters at specific heights and total stem volumes for mixed stands of Taurus cedar (Cedrus libani A. Rich.) and Taurus fir (Abies cilicica Carr.). We used data from mixed stands containing a total of 131 cedar and 124 Taurus fir trees. We evaluated six commonly used and well-known forestry taper functions developed by a variety of researchers (Biging (1984), Zakrzewski (1999), Muhairwe (1999), Fang et al. (2000), Kozak (2004), and Sharma and Zhang (2004)). To address problems related to autocorrelation and multicollinearity in the hierarchical data associated with the construction of taper models, we used appropriate statistical procedures for the model fitting. We compared model performances based on the analysis of three goodness-of-fit statistics and found the compatible segmented model of Fang et al. (2000) to be superior in describing the stem profile and stem volume of both tree species in mixed stands. The equation used by Zakrzewski (1999) exhibited the poorest fitting results of the three taper equations. In general, we found segmented taper equations to provide more accurate predictions than variable-form models for both tree species. Results from the non-linear extra sum of squares method indicate that stem tapers differ among tree species in mixed stands. Therefore, a different taper function should be used for each tree species in mixed stands in the Bucak district. Using individual-specific taper equations yields more robust estimations and, therefore, will enhance the prediction accuracy of diameters at different heights and volumes in mixed stands.