The State has been the dominant player in the energy market. But, as a result of the liberalization and privatization studies in the Turkish energy market since 2001, it is now facilitated for private national and international companies to take part in the energy market. The chances are quite good for private companies. First of all, the country requires a considerably high amount of investments with an average 6.4% annual energy demand increase. Second, there are privatization studies for both electricity distribution and generation facilities of the State. These two fields offer good chances for both national-international power generation investors and engineering/consulting companies. Besides, the natural gas market may be an interesting field of cooperation for foreign companies for various market activities, in parallel to the country's increasing natural gas demand. This study aims to examine the Turkish energy market with possible development fields and legal and organizational conditions, problems, and development fields of the Turkish energy sector.