Styrene Monomer Migration from Expanded Polystyrene Into Food Acids and Ethanol

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Dawson P. L. , Seydim A. C. , Hirt D.

Journal of Food Research , vol.9, no.3, pp.39-52, 2020 (Refereed Journals of Other Institutions)

  • Publication Type: Article / Article
  • Volume: 9 Issue: 3
  • Publication Date: 2020
  • Doi Number: 10.5539/jfr.v9n3p39
  • Title of Journal : Journal of Food Research
  • Page Numbers: pp.39-52


Migration of styrene monomer from expanded polystyrene (EPS) at various time intervals (3 hr, 1, 2, 3, 5, 7, 9, 12, 18 days at 51OC) into nine different simulants (water, 8% ethanol in water, 3% acetic acid, and 3 and 10% of food-grade citric, malic and tartaric acid) was determined using a modified FDA migration cell. Exposure to 8% ethanol resulted in the greatest average migration of styrene (147.6 µg/L) during 18 days of storage compared to all other simulants tested. The concentration for styrene in 8% ethanol ranged from 49.3 to 228.5 µg/L over all exposure times. For all simulants tested, styrene concentrations were greater than or equal to 22 µg/L after 3 hours of exposure. EPS exposed to malic (3 and 10%) and 10% tartaric acids had greater styrene migration than styrene exposed to all other acidic simulants tested.