Antibiotic Resistance in Staphylococcus aureus Strains Isolated from Clinical Specimens

Sirin M. C. , AĞUŞ N., YILMAZ N., BAYRAM A., Hanci S. Y. , Derici Y. K. , ...More

JOURNAL OF CLINICAL AND ANALYTICAL MEDICINE, vol.6, pp.859-863, 2015 (Peer-Reviewed Journal) identifier identifier

  • Publication Type: Article / Article
  • Volume: 6
  • Publication Date: 2015
  • Doi Number: 10.4328/jcam.3864
  • Journal Indexes: Emerging Sources Citation Index, TR DİZİN (ULAKBİM)
  • Page Numbers: pp.859-863


Aim The aim of this study was to determine the antibiotic susceptibilities of S. aureus strains isolated from various clinical specimens between the years 2011-2014 and to investigate the changes of these susceptibilities over the years. Material and Method: Identification and antibiotic susceptibility testing of the strains were performed by Vitek 2 compact automated system (bioMerieux, France). The strains found to be intermediate susceptible to vancomycin and teicoplanin were also tested by E-test method. Results: S. aureus strains (n=1442) were most commonly isolated from wound, urine and blood samples. The isolation rates of methicillin-resistant S. aureus (MRSA) in hospitalized patients were significantly higher than the isolation rates of MRSA in outpatients. All strains were susceptible to vancomycin, teicoplanin, linezolid and tigecycline. The total of four years resistance rates of MRSA strains to erythromycin, clindamycin, ciprofloxacin, moxifloxacin, gentamicin, co-trimoxazole, fusidic acid were significantly higher than the resistance rates of methicillin-sensitive S. aureus (MSSA). The changes in the rates of antibiotic resistance were not statistically significant in MSSA strains over the years, and statistically significant decrease was found in erythromycin, clindamycin, ciprofloxacin, moxifloxacin and gentamicin resistance in MRSA strains. Discussion: Glycopeptides, linezolid and tigecycline were the most effective antibiotics against S. aureus strains. It was considered as necessary to detect antimicrobial resistance profiles by effective surveillance studies and monitor the changes occurred over the years in order to prevent the development of resistance and control of infections.