Anatomical variations of the superficial palmar arch in human fetuses


Solmaz E., FAZLIOĞULLARI Z., ALBAY S., Unver Dogan N., KARABULUT A. K.

ANATOMICAL SCIENCE INTERNATIONAL, 2022 (SCI-Expanded) identifier identifier

  • Publication Type: Article / Article
  • Publication Date: 2022
  • Doi Number: 10.1007/s12565-022-00679-2
  • Journal Name: ANATOMICAL SCIENCE INTERNATIONAL
  • Journal Indexes: Science Citation Index Expanded (SCI-EXPANDED), Scopus, Academic Search Premier, BIOSIS, EMBASE, MEDLINE
  • Keywords: Anatomic variation, Dissection, Fetus, Median artery, Superficial palmar arch, PERSISTENT MEDIAN ARTERY, CARPAL-TUNNEL-SYNDROME, LONGUS MUSCLE, HAND, PREVALENCE, FOREARM, PATTERNS, ABSENCE, DEEP, CADAVER
  • Süleyman Demirel University Affiliated: Yes

Abstract

The superficial palmar arch is an important anatomical structure that contributes to the arterial supply of the palmar side of the hand in the upper extremity. However, there is limited information on the embryological morphological structure of the superficial palmar arch in the literature. We studied the types of the superficial palmar arch and determined their variations by dissecting 80 upper extremities of 40 formalin-fixed human fetuses (19 males, 21 females) 18-37 weeks of age. The types and variations of the superficial palmar arch were examined, and the median artery was imaged. The superficial palmar arch type was complete in 58 hands (72.5%) and incomplete in 22 hands (27.5%). The complete group consisted of type A (47.5%), type B (16.25%), type C (3.75%), type D (1.25%), and type E (3.75%). On the other hand, the incomplete group consisted of type F (15%), type G (8.75%), type H (2.5%), and type I (1.25%). A median artery that originated from the ulnar artery and passed through the carpal tunnel during its course was detected in two hands (2.5%). Knowledge of the superficial palmar arch variations will contribute to hand microsurgery particularly in vascular graft and free flap application interventions for arterial bleeding in the palmar region.