RENAL FAILURE, vol.31, no.10, pp.933-941, 2009 (SCI-Expanded)
Background. Both traditional and non-traditional risk factors play a role for the development of cardiovascular disease in hemodialysis patients. However, a specific relationship between these risk factors and silent myocardial damage is unknown. Methods. Demographic, anthropometric, clinical, and laboratory data were collected. Silent myocardial damage was defined by elevated cardiac troponin I values above cutoff values. Results. In total, 113 hemodialysis patients were included. Cardiac troponin I concentrations were below cutoff value (< 2.3 ng/mL) in 103 (91.2%) patients (Group 1), whereas 10 (8.8%) patients had elevated concentrations (Group 2). Group 1 patients had higher levels of hemoglobin (p = 0.002) and high-density lipoprotein cholesterol (p = 0.002) and lower C-reactive protein (p = 0.003) and tumor necrosis factor-alpha (p = 0.005) levels, as well as less incidence of left ventricular hypertrophy (p = 0.045), when compared to Group 2 patients. Diabetes mellitus (Beta = +0.160, p = 0.021), left ventricular hypertrophy (Beta = +0.247, p < 0.0001), uncontrolled blood pressure (Beta = +0.170, p = 0.016), normalized protein equivalent of total nitrogen appearance (Beta = -0.230, p = 0.001), hemoglobin (Beta = -0.302, p < 0.0001), and tumor necrosis factor-alpha (Beta = +0.506, p < 0.0001) were found to be independently associated with cardiac troponin I levels in multiple linear regression analysis. Conclusions. Both traditional and non-traditional risk factors are related with silent myocardial damage, which is considered to an antecedent of major cardiovascular events. Hemodialysis patients, even when asymptomatic, must be closely followed up for the presence of these risk factors.