Effect of external electric field on C-X center dot center dot center dot halogen bonds

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Tokatlı A., Tunc F., Ucun F.

JOURNAL OF MOLECULAR MODELING, vol.25, 2019 (Peer-Reviewed Journal) identifier identifier identifier

  • Publication Type: Article / Article
  • Volume: 25
  • Publication Date: 2019
  • Doi Number: 10.1007/s00894-019-3938-2
  • Journal Indexes: Science Citation Index Expanded, Scopus


In this study, ab initio calculations (RI-MP2(full)/aug-cc-pVDZ) are performed to investigate the effect of an external electric field (EEF) on the nature, properties, and structures of C-X halogen bonds in CF3Br complexes with systems (benzene, ethene, and ethyne), for the first time. This EEF effect is analyzed by a myriad of methods, including molecular electrostatic potential (MEP), symmetry adapted perturbation theory (SAPT), natural bond orbital (NBO), quantum theory of atoms in molecules (QTAIM), and noncovalent interaction (NCI) methods. A linear relationship is found between RI-MP2 interaction energy and the strength of the EEF, indicating that the stability of C-X halogen bonds is sensitive to both the strength and direction of the EEF. According to the SAPT analyses, when the EEF is applied along the +z direction (perpendicular to the plane), the nature of C-X halogen bonds transforms gradually from dispersion to electrostatic for the CF3FBr benzene complex and from electrostatic to more electrostatic for the other complexes. However, when the EEF is applied along the -z direction, the C-X halogen bonds in all the complexes tend to be more dispersive in nature. The QTAIM analysis exhibits that the CF3Br benzene complex under the EEF with strength < 0.005 au is formed by the C-X (C3) and C-X (ring) halogen bonds, while it has only the C-X (C3) halogen bond when the strength of the EEF is > 0.005 au. The structural results of the studied complexes show an inverse dependence of intermolecular distance between the CF3Br and system on the strength of the EEF.