The Role of Immigrant Physicians and Scientists in the Establishment Process of Istanbul University Faculty of Medicine

Creative Commons License

İnce F., Keskinbora H. K.

Journal of Research on History of Medicine, vol.11, no.4, pp.267-278, 2022 (Peer-Reviewed Journal)

  • Publication Type: Article / Article
  • Volume: 11 Issue: 4
  • Publication Date: 2022
  • Journal Name: Journal of Research on History of Medicine
  • Journal Indexes: EBSCO Legal Source, Other Indexes
  • Page Numbers: pp.267-278
  • Süleyman Demirel University Affiliated: Yes


University reform was carried out in Turkiye in 1933. Many people of

Jewish heritage, opposition doctors, and others who had fled Nazi persecution

in Europe sought safety in Turkiye between 1933 and the end of World

War II. Having examined the relevant official state archive documents, we,

as our main objective, aimed to share the information obtained about immigrant

physicians and scientists who worked at Istanbul University, contributing

to establishing the Faculty of Medicine from 1933 until the end

of World War II.

The study was designed as a qualitative-multiple document analysis. Documents

found by scanning the catalog of the Turkish Presidency State Archives

Republic Archive Catalog were examined. In addition, other publications

on the subject have been read.

Seventeen original archival documents on physicians and other scientists

who fled Nazi Germany and took refuge in Turkiye are examined. The

names of 16 physicians and scientists are mentioned in the documents.

They worked at the institute, clinic, School of Dentistry, and School of

Pharmacists incorporated in the Faculty of Medicine. In addition to the

advantages Turkiye provided for the scientists who took refuge, the country

made it simple for their relatives to move and live there. Some of these

scientists even acquired Turkish citizenship.

It is found that immigrant physicians and scientists who took refuge in

Turkiye have made a significant contribution to the development of Turkish

medical education and medicine.