RENAL FAILURE, vol.32, no.4, pp.515-517, 2010 (SCI-Expanded)
Continuous ambulatory peritoneal dialysis (CAPD) is a safe, convenient, and cost-effective therapy in end-stage renal disease. The major complication of peritoneal dialysis (PD) is peritonitis. Gram-positive cocci are isolated in majority of the episodes. Among gram-negative bacteria, Acinetobacter species have been reported in peritonitis, sometimes as a concomitant that may be asymptomatic and require no treatment. Little has been written about the clinical features and outcome of PD-related peritonitis caused by co-infection of Acinetobacter species with other pathogens. We herein present a case of peritonitis caused by co-infection with Acinetobacter species and coagulase-negative staphylococci, which resulted in patient dropout and mortality. We review the literature about Acinetobacter peritonitis and current treatment protocols.