Evaluation of Cribriform Plate Dimensions and Middle Turbinate Length in Patients With Vomeral Agenesis: A Computed Tomography Study


Journal of Craniofacial Surgery, vol.34, no.3, pp.1019-1022, 2023 (SCI-Expanded) identifier identifier

  • Publication Type: Article / Article
  • Volume: 34 Issue: 3
  • Publication Date: 2023
  • Doi Number: 10.1097/scs.0000000000009070
  • Journal Name: Journal of Craniofacial Surgery
  • Journal Indexes: Science Citation Index Expanded (SCI-EXPANDED), Scopus, EMBASE, MEDLINE
  • Page Numbers: pp.1019-1022
  • Keywords: Agenesis, cribriform plate, tomography, turbinates, vomer
  • Süleyman Demirel University Affiliated: Yes


The cribriform plate and attachment area of the middle turbinate are anatomical structures that may potentially be injured during septoplasty and/or endoscopic sinus surgery. The purpose of this study is to compare the cribriform plate and middle turbinate length dimensions between patients with vomer agenesis (VA) and the control group using paranasal sinus computed tomography (CT). Paranasal sinus CTs performed in our hospital between January 2011 and January 2021 were evaluated and patients with VA were identified. A control group was created from patients who underwent paranasal sinus CT for various reasons during the same date interval. The cribriform plate and middle turbinate lengths were statistically compared between the groups. A total of 10,095 paranasal sinus CTs were evaluated and 54 patients with VA were identified. Seven patients with VA were excluded from the study because their measurements could not be made accurately. Forty-seven VA patients were included in the study group, while 94 patients were included in the control group. There was no statistical difference in cribriform plate dimensions (medial ethmoid roof plate height, cribriform plate height, cribriform plate lateral lamella height and width) between the groups (for all dimensions P>0.05). The middle turbinate length was significantly higher in the VA group (for right and left P=0.020 and 0.011, respectively). These findings theoretically suggest that the risk of cribriform plate injury during septoplasty and/or endoscopic sinus surgery is similar in patients with or without VA.